How to Produce Magnesium Nitride?
A tanker carrying 650,000 barrels of Venezuelan crude oil is reportedly bound for Europe, the first time Venezuela has exported crude to Europe in the past two years under US sanctions. It is analyzed that the U.S. is making up for the European energy gap caused by the sanctions against Russia by giving the green light to Venezuelan oil exports. It is reported that Venezuela is rich in oil resources, with the current proven reserves of 300 billion barrels, ranked the world's first, oil export is also one of the country's economic pillars.
Germany will take emergency measures to ensure it meets its energy needs, including increasing its use of coal, the German government said recently, after a drop in gas supplies from Russia.
"In order to reduce gas consumption, it is necessary to reduce the use of gas for electricity generation," the Economy Ministry said in a statement. We're going to have to switch to more coal-fired power plants."
The measures announced that day also include an "auction" system to sell natural gas to manufacturers, according to reports. The German government says the system will help reduce gas consumption in manufacturing industries.
The measures come as Russian energy giant Gazprom recently warned that it would sharply cut gas supplies to Europe, the report said.
The supply and prices of international bulk Mg3N2 powder are still very uncertain.
What is Magnesium Nitride?
Magnesium nitride, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Mg3N2. It belongs to the cubic crystal system. At room temperature, pure magnesium nitride is a yellow-green powder, but magnesium nitride containing a portion of magnesium oxide impurities is grayish white.
The molar mass of magnesium nitride is 100.95g/mol. Its density is 2.712g/cm3. Magnesium nitride is completely dissolved in acid and water, but partially dissolved in ether and ethanol.
The melting point of magnesium nitride is 1500 degrees. Magnesium nitride, like many metal nitrides, reacts with water to produce ammonia. Often used as a catalyst. React with acid or aqueous nonmetallic oxides to form ammonium salts and magnesium salts.
Magnesium nitride is ceramic in nature. Magnesium nitride has high corrosion resistance and greatly improves production efficiency. Magnesium nitride also has high thermal conductivity, as well as high corrosion resistance and temperature resistance. Magnesium nitride has another great importance because it is used as a catalyst for the synthesis of boron nitrogen.
What is Magnesium Nitride Used For?
Used as a catalyst when prepare the nitride of other elements with high hardness, high thermal conductivity, corrosion resistance, wear resistance and high temperature resistance. In the first successful synthesis of cubic boron nitride, the catalyst was magnesium nitride.
Used for high strength steel smelting additives. Magnesium nitride (Mg3N2) replaces desulphurized magnesium in construction steel smelting, which is beneficial to improve the density, strength, tension and bearing force of steel. In addition, the use of magnesium nitride (Mg3N2) desulfurization, can reduce the amount of other additives, thus helping to reduce the production cost of construction steel;
3. Used to prepare special ceramic materials;
4. For the manufacture of special alloy foaming agent;
5. For manufacturing special glass;
6. For catalytic polymer crosslinking;
7. For the recycling of nuclear waste;
How to Produce Magnesium Nitride?
At present, the main preparation methods of magnesium nitride include direct reaction method of magnesium powder with nitrogen, reaction method of magnesium with nitrogen in nitrogen plasma flow, magnesium coil explosion method in nitrogen atmosphere, low pressure chemical gas complementary product method, self-propagating high temperature synthesis method, nano magnesium nitride synthesis method, etc.
Recently, G. Soto et al. prepared amorphous magnesium nitride films with different Mg∶N ratios on Si substrates in a molecular nitrogen environment by pulse laser deposition. These methods limit their industrial production due to high cost, long process, complex equipment operation, or low yield of magnesium nitride.
Although the direct reaction of magnesium powder with nitrogen has industrial value, the production of magnesium nitride powder needs higher reaction temperature and longer reaction time, and the shape of particles is incomplete and easy to agglomerate, which can not meet the requirements of industrial quality. NH3 can be decomposed into N- with broken bonds more easily than N2, and the decomposed H2 can inhibit the formation of MgO, so ammonia gas can be used as the nitrogen source. Chen Faqin et al. used liquid ammonia as nitrogen source to prepare magnesium nitride powder by direct nitriding of magnesium powder. The following conclusions could be drawn: Through thermodynamic analysis, liquid ammonia could react with magnesium powder more easily than nitrogen to prepare magnesium nitride; High quality magnesium nitride powder with high purity and uniform powder particles can be prepared at 600℃ and ammonia atmosphere for 1h, then heated to 800℃, ammonia flow rate of 500ml/min and nitriding time of 1h.
Magnesium Nitride Mg3N2 Powder Supplier
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
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With the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, the market is increasingly worried about the potential disruption of Russia's energy supply. Geopolitical premiums have pushed up the price of crude oil and natural gas, and the energy price is expected to remain high in the short term. Affected by this, the market price of the Mg3N2 powder may continue to rise.